锘挎澀宸炴鎷挎场鑼?
Stockport and several other places. But the established interests still controlled the situation, and the design once more failed.

Four years later (1726) the Sheffield cutlers made still {149}another effort, and this time, although the opposition was again very powerful, it was agreed in Committee of the House of Commons that power should be given to the Cutlers’ Company to make the Don 鏉窞濡冨瓙闃乿ivi navigable from Doncaster, not to Sheffield itself, but to Tinsley, three miles from Sheffield; and, also, to maintain a turnpike road from Sheffield to Tinsley. A Bill to this effect was passed, and in 1727 the corporation of Doncaster obtained powers to remove certain obstructions from the Don; but, under an Act of 1732, the carrying out of the whole scheme was transferred to an independent body, the Company of Proprietors of the River Don Navigation. It proved, says Hunter, writing in 1828, “eminently beneficial to the country”; but the 鏉窞涓嶆瑙勮冻娴村簵鍦板潃 reader will see that the Sheffield cutler or manufacturer still had to forward his goods three miles by road before they could be sent, first along the Don, then along the Ouse, then down the Humber to Hull, and then (if they were consigned to London) by sea along the east coast, and finally up the 鏉窞淇濆仴鏈嶅姟 Thames to the Metropolis. These were the conditions until the year 1821, when the three-mile journey by road was saved by the opening of a canal between Sheffield and the Don at Tinsley, affording, as was said, “easy accommodation with the coast and London.”
CHAPTER XV DISADVANTAGES OF RIVER NAVIGATION
It will have been assumed, from the two preceding chapters, that rivers, whether naturally navigable or rendered navigable by art, were of material service in supplementing defective roads, in opening up to communication parts of the country 鏉窞涓濊鍚屽ソ that would then otherwise have remained isolated, and in aiding the development of some of the greatest of our national industries.

While this assumption is well founded, yet, as time went on, the unsatisfactory nature of much of the inland river navigation in this country became more apparent.

Some 鏉窞瓒虫荡娌瑰帇璁哄潧 of the greatest troubles arose from, on the one hand, excess of water in the rivers owing to floods, and, on the other, from inadequate supplies of water due either to droughts or to shallows.

The liability to floods will be at once apparent if the reader considers the extent of the areas from which rain water and the yield of countless springs, brooks, and rivulets may flow into the principal rivers. In the Report of the select Committee of the House of Lords on Conservancy Boards, 1877, there was published a list which showed that 鏉窞澶滅敓娲诲皬濮?the 210 rivers in England and Wales had catchment basins as follows:鈥?
1000 miles and upwards 11
500 ” to 1000 miles 14
100 “” 500 ” 59
50 “” 100 ” 24
10 “” 50 ” 102
鈥斺€?
Total 210

The rivers having catchment basins of 1000 miles or upwards are given thus:鈥?
{151}
Name. County. Length.
Miles. Area of
Basin.
sq. miles. Tributaries.
United

鏉窞娲楁荡妗戞嬁璁哄潧

length.
No. miles.
Humber York 37 1229 2 55
Mersey